Bones are the most important part of the body. They let us stand upright and move. If any injury occurs to bones the routine work gets disturbed. Such injuries need to be fixed immediately. Some get well with injuries while others need surgical procedures to get a fix. An orthopedic surgeon in Lahore uses different surgical procedures to repair or replace bones. Here are the procedures carried out by an orthopedic surgeon in Lahore.
Amputation is the surgical procedure in which a body part such as an arm, leg, hand, or foot is cut off from the body. It’s the last solution that the orthopedic surgeon in Lahore recommends. It is suggested when medications, physiotherapy, and other surgical methods fail to cure the disease or injury. Amputation is carried out when the body part is completely damaged due to infection. Also when there is a risk that infection will advance to other parts of the body and damage them. An orthopedic surgeon in Lahore carefully examines the physical condition of the patient before carrying out amputation. An orthopedic surgeon does not do amputation unless he makes sure that the affected part is completely dead. The surgeon gives general anesthesia to carry out amputation. The wound is either closed immediately or kept open for a few days to completely eradicate infection.
Arthroscopic surgery is also known as keyhole surgery. This procedure is the most used by an orthopedic surgeon in Lahore. A camera on a rod with light is inserted through a small hole into the joint. The rod is of pencil thickness. Surgeons diagnose as well as operate the injury through arthroscopy. This type of surgery is far much better than open joint surgery. The camera is inserted through a small cut thus wound made through surgery heals quickly. In open joint surgery, a huge incision is made which takes much time and care to heal. Moreover, surgical instruments used in arthroscopy is much smaller in size. Mostly the orthopedic surgeon in Pakistan carried out the knee, hip, shoulder, wrist, ankle, foot, and elbow arthroscopy.
Cartilage surgery of the knee
Cartilage doesn’t heal at its own because it doesn’t have blood vessels or capillaries which could aid in healing. When blood from vessels bleed it helps in healing. So orthopedic surgeons in Lahore use surgical procedures to repair, replace, or regenerate the cartilage. Such procedures are carried out with any joint whose cartilage is damaged but mostly it is performed on the knee joint. To repair the cartilage surgeons remove the damaged part of cartilage and smooth out the remaining. This helps to smooth the gliding of joints and reduce pain.
When the joint injury occurs some broken pieces of bone or cartilage irritate the joint movement. This debris is removed by taking out broken pieces and washing cartilage with saline water. Regeneration of cartilage is done by making small cuts in the bone beneath the damaged cartilage so that blood from the bone accelerates cartilage repairing. Another method to repair knee cartilage is by cartilage replacement. In this procedure, the surgeon takes a piece of healthy cartilage and a small part of the bone beneath cartilage to place in the treatment area.
Reconstruction of ligaments
Ligaments are thick, elastic bands of tissue that helps to connect bone with muscles. They keep the joint stable. Ligaments also protect the joint from bending too much. Ligament injury often occurs due to sports activities. An orthopedic surgeon in Lahore first treats ligaments injury with medication. If medicines don’t work they do a reconstruction of ligaments through surgical procedures.
Bunionectomy and hammertoe repair
A bunion is a kind of deformation that occurs to foot toe. It is a bony bump developed at the big toe base. This then fuses with a foot bone. Because of this, the shape of the foot is changed. The main cause of a bunion is continuous pressure over the foot. This pressure could be due to small or narrow shoes. It is very painful and the probability of developing a bunion is more in women than in men.
Bunionectomy is a procedure in which surgeons remove bunion to correct the deformed shape of the foot. It’s necessary to remove the bunion if pain continues even after medication. The orthopedic surgeon in Lahore provides an ankle block to carry out the surgery. Ankle block numb the area below the ankle. The patient remains awake throughout the surgery but doesn’t feel pain due to surgical incisions. Exotectomy, osteotomy, and arthrodesis are common procedures for bunion removal. At the end of the surgery, the surgeon bandages the operated foot and sends the patient to the recovery room.
Resurfacing and cartilage repair
Resurfacing is the insertion of an artificial part of the damaged joint. In cartilage repair, small cavities are made in the injured or torn cartilage. These cavities are then smooth out using metal. Such a procedure helps to remove pain and ensure smooth gliding of joints. Only minimal changes are made to the joint and the patient gets to normal soon.
Bone gets damaged or fractured due to sudden hit. This makes the locomotion of the injured part painful. An orthopedic surgeon in Lahore cures the fractured bone by limiting the movement of the joint. The surgeon either cast a plaster or compression bandage on the affected area. Sometimes the surgeon sets the bone in place through surgery if the injury is severe.
Spine surgery is another complicated procedure that needs special attention because the spinal cord passes through the spine. Most surgeons do open spine surgery in which a huge cut is made to Expose the spine and repair damage. But now the technology has advanced much with minimal incision spine surgery can be conducted. Spine surgery includes different procedures such as discectomy, laminectomy, laminotomy, Foraminotomy, disc replacement, and spinal fusion.
Accidents can happen unknowingly. Sometimes they are mild sometimes severe. Bones may get damaged due to sudden hits. If any injury occurs immediately get help from an orthopedic surgeon. An orthopedic surgeon in Lahore treats the bones with medication at first and goes for surgical procedures where find it necessary. Keep your bones healthy to enjoy little activities of your life.